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Skorupski, J.. Industrial Animal Farming in Poland as a major threat to the natural environment of the Baltic Sea. In: Sterr, H., Maack, S., Schultz, M. (eds.). Development Concept for the Territory of the Baltic Green Belt - A Synthesis Report of the INTERREG IVB Project Baltic Green Belt. Coastline Reports (20), pp. 45-53. EUCC - Die Küsten Union Deutschland e.V., Rostock, 2012.

Zusammenfassung: The dynamic development of modern agriculture, intensification of an animal production and the desire to maximize garner for a limited and defined area of available arable land, hopes for economic benefits, but also causes serious environmental threats to the Baltic Sean, as well as its whole catchment area. The biggest problem seems to be large-scale, industrial animal farms. There are 752 such farms in Poland and, because of highly concentrated and industrialized production system resulting in significant individual impact on environment, Helsinki Commission (HELCOM) has recognized them as a point sources of agricultural pollution (Baltic Hot Spots). The main problem with factory farming is connected with high production of natural fertilizer (liquid manure). Manure storage and handling cause many ecological, socio-economic and legal problems. The only solution seems to be sustainable agriculture, which balance the need to meet the needs of present generations with the need to meet the needs of future generations. This idea, deriving from a very pragmatic reasons, will tackle in the future reconstruction of ecosystems’ homeostasis and reconciliation of agricultural activity with the needs of the environment. Thus, sustainable farming is not a brake on progressive crops a nd livestock production, but only stimulus guiding the direction and framework for their development.
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