Deutsch English

Järv, H., Sepp, K., Veersalu, T., Lõhmus, L.. Comprehensive study of Estoniaâs coastal zone protection and conservation. In: Sterr, H., Maack, S., Schultz, M. (eds.). Development Concept for the Territory of the Baltic Green Belt - A Synthesis Report of the INTERREG IVB Project Baltic Green Belt. Coastline Reports (20), pp. 63-76. EUCC - Die Küsten Union Deutschland e.V., Rostock, 2012.

Zusammenfassung: Taking into account natural and cultural values are the Estonian coastal areas in a better condition compared to many other European countries. Despite that, the pressure on coastal areas has increased step by step in Estonia as well. This article describes the current problems related to the protection and conservation of Estonian coastal areas and their possible solutions. In order to obtain information about the natural and cultural heritage objects located on Estonian coast, a methodology for inventorying coastal areas was developed and a thorough inventory of cultural heritage objects in the Estonian green belt was conducted (an overview of the inventory methodology, the results of the inventory, the inventoried objects, their condition and risk factors). Protection of valuable objects and areas outside protected areas depend largely of spatial planning measures. Thus, the best practices of the protection and conservation of coastal areas in spatial planning were studied and reasoned recommendations were given on how to supplement them and make their implementation more successful. Based on the best practices and the inventory results, a methodology for the zoning of coastal areas was developed and the sample zoning of a pilot area was prepared. Estonian coastal areas include many military objects – displaying them as tourist objects may significantly influence the condition of coastal areas. Thus, the possibilities of military tourism in Estonia and its reflection in the media were studied. Since many different interest groups are related to the subject of coastal areas, this article also gives an overview of the methods of distributing study results.
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