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Hoffmann, J.. Problem-oriented indicators for an ICZM in the Oder Estuary Region. In: Schernewski, G., Glaeser, B., Scheibe, R., Sekścińska, A., Thamm, R. (eds.). Coastal Development: The Oder estuary and beyond. Coastline Reports (8), pp. 21-30. EUCC - The Coastal Union, Leiden, 2007.


The article describes the approach chosen for the development of indicators for an ICZM in the Oder estuary region. The development of indicators focuses on regional problems. A bottom-upapproach based on the inductive description and assessment of problems is combined with a topdown- approach including the deductive differentiation of an integrative sustainable development model. The basis was provided by the analysis and compilation of problems relevant to coastal zones discussed at the national, international, and European levels. The resulting problem portfolio describes core issues characterising the current discourse on coastal zones and their management. The problems were assessed by regional stakeholders and served as an accepted framework for the regional approach. This bottom-up-approach was supported by a top-down-perspective modelled on the principle of sustainable development. At the interface of the norm-orientated top-downapproach and the problem-orientated bottom-up-approach, indicators specify the issues discussed. This means linking the minimum demands made by sustainable development to the specific regional problems. Indicators were selected on the basis of certain criteria from a pool of indicators. The regional approach provides the following results: a high degree of orientation towards existing problems and user needs, the vertical integration of the issues discussed at the international and European level, and links to the concept of sustainability.

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