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Sturm, U., Teka, O., Vogt, J., Bähr, H.-P., Buttschardt, T.. Analyse von Prozessen im Küstenraum Benins â Grundlage für planerische Steuerung. In: Gönnert, G., Pflüger, B., Bremer, J.-A. (eds.). Von der Geoarchäologie über die Küstendynamik zum Küstenzonenmanagement. Coastline Reports (9), pp. 185-195. EUCC - The Coastal Union, Leiden, 2007.

Zusammenfassung:

Along the entire Bay of Benin in the Gulf of Guinea one finds a tropical coastal ecosystem. Due to population growth and uncontrolled migration, this ecosystem is exposed to extremely growing impacts. Precondition for controlled planning is knowledge about processes and land utilization demands in the region. Their analysis has recently started in an interdisciplinary research approach with several participating institutes of both the Universität Karlsruhe (TH), Germany, and the Université d’Abomey-Calavi in the coastal zone of Benin, West Africa. The coastal area of Benin faces typical problems of the Gulf of Guinea region. This article outlines the planned research program for a process analysis. Aim is understanding the different land utilization demands and conflicts between stake holders as well as the endangerment of the social and natural systems. Due to increasing density and diversity of use, existing interdependences are destroyed. Ecological and subsequently social consequences arise. Furthermore, it can be assumed that the rising sea level increases the harassment on low lying coastal areas. The analysis of the participating institutes combines methods of cultural and social sciences, earth system sciences and engineering sciences (remote sensing, GIS), in order to achieve a deeper understanding of the changes and conflicts. The results are intended to support decision makers in taking corrective measures with regard to sustainable development.

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