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Koehler, H., Munderloh, E., Hofmann, S.: Soil microarthropods (Acari, Collembola) from beach and dune: characteristics and ecosystem context. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 1: 77-86, 1995.


Abstract. Soil microarthropods (Acari, Collembola) were analyzed along transects from shore to brown dune in two sandy coastal sites of the North Sea (Jutland, Denmark, and Spiekeroog, East Frisian island, Germany). Predatory mites (Acari: Gamasina) and Collembola were determined to species. The Jutland and the Spiekeroog sites each yielded 22 Gamasina species, 10 of which are common to both areas. Collembola were identified from the Spiekeroog samples only (also 22 species). Largest mite abundances were found in Jutland in primary dunes (419 tsd. ind./m2) and on Spiekeroog in old brown dunes (314 tsd. ind./m2). Compared to the mites, Collembola abundances are low, with maxima of 77 tsd. ind./m2 in Jutland (yellow dune) and only 18 tsd. ind./m2 on Spiekeroog (old yellow dune). The communities of predatory mites (Gamasina) and Collembola along transects from shore inland to brown dune are quite specific. High similarities are found for the predatory mites between the specific dune sites of the two North Sea areas, particularly for yellow dune. Additionally, preliminary data are presented for the southern Baltic Coast. The findings are discussed in a broader context. Arguments focus on conservation and biogenic dune stabilization.

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