Deutsch English
<< | Überblick | >>

Castillo, J.M., Luque, C.J., Castellanos, E.M., Figueroa, M.E.: Causes and consequences of salt-marsh erosion in an Atlantic estuary in SW Spain. Journal oc Coastal Conservation, 6: 89-96, 2000.


Abstract. This study reports on the quantification of horizontal erosion by undermining of slopes in the atlantic mesotidal salt marshes of Odiel, SW Spain, and analyses its causes and consequences. Horizontal erosion has produced considerable losses of salt marsh area, including zones of mature salt marsh. Human pressure, such as from water-borne traffic or the exploitation of the slopes for the capture of bait, increases the natural erosion processes. The role of vegetation in protecting the slopes against erosion is studied. Channel banks covered with plants, many of which belong to species with long-living, above-ground creeping stems, were less eroded than those without vegetation cover. The enormous volume of sediments moved (ca. 7000 m3 in one year) could contribute to the siltingup of the navigable channels of the estuary, so that continual dredging is necessary to allow access to shipping. These sediments are highly contaminated, and dredging exposes them more directly to the trophic network of the estuary. There is a considerable loss of natural resources. Finally, the integrated management of this coastal ecosystem is discussed.

PDF: C6.089-96.pdf (194.263 Bytes)
(Seite in 0,01 Sekunden erzeugt.)