The Gulf of Gdansk is a south-east part of the Baltic Sea enclosed by a large curve of the shores of Gdansk Pomerania in Poland (Rozewie Cape, Hel Peninsula), and Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia (Sambian Peninsula). Gulf of Gdańsk has different hydro-geomorphological regimes and consists of different units: lagoons, river mouths, sheltered and open coastal areas. This area is under strong anthropogenic pressure.
The Pomorskie region covers almost half of the Polish coastline (Eastern part), with two different types of settlements - westerly and easterly. Westerly part was dominated before 90-ties by intensive collective farming and industrial fishing. On the other hand the easterly part was mainly consisting of small private farms and small boat fisheries. The coastal zone of the study site is mostly low sand beaches – an excellent place for tourism development. Additionally Hel Peninsula being itself attractive creates a very good place for windsurfing in the Puck Bay.Human activities are Tourism, Agriculture, Fishing and Shipping. And impact reponses are: Eutrophication, Trophic web changes, Diversity loss, Coastal erosion
Policy issue is impact of changes in land use and agriculture in the coastal area and Vistula river catchment area on coastal water quality, consequences for coastal water management, Possibilities of environmentally-friendly reduction of unemployment and/or conversion from fishery/shipbuilding including reduction of “social exclusion” Harmonization of the management approaches of Natura 2000, EU-ICZM recommendations and the Water framework directive.